Newsletter June 1991

NEWS FROM THE ESS BUSINESS MEETING

The annual business meeting of the ESS was held on March 22, 1991 in conjunction with the ISA convention at the Hyatt Regency Hotel in Vancouver, British Columbia.

Barbara Jancar-Webster (State University of New York– Brockport) was elected to a two-year term as chair of the Sec- tion, succeeding Oran Young (Dartmouth College), who presided over the meeting.

Newly elected of the Executive Committee, whose terms expire in 1993, are:

Matthias Finger
(Syracuse University/ University of Geneva)
Allen L. Springer
(Bowdoin College)
Tapani Vaahtoranta (Finnish Institute of International Affairs).

Carry-over members, whose terms will expire in 1992, are:

Thomas (Tad) Homer-Dixon
(Toronto University)
Elena Nikitina
(USSR Academy of Sciences)
Thaddeus (Ted) Trzyna
(California Institute of Public Affairs).

Nominating Committee members for 1991-2 are:

Thomas Homer-Dixon
Matthias Finger
Oran Young

THE 1991 SPROUT AWARD

The winner of the 1991 Harold and Margaret Sprout Award for the most significant contribution to the literature on inter- national or comparative environmental politics is the World Resources Institute for its book World Resources 1990-91: A Guide to the Global Environment (New York: Oxford Press, 1990, 383 pp.) Honorable mention recognition was given to Peter M. Haas for Saving the Mediterranean; The Politics of Interna- tional Cooperation (New York: Columbia University Press, 1990, 303 pp.).

Since 1973, the International Studies Association has given the Sprout Award to the best book or article on international ecological and environmental issues and politics of the prior two years. In order to increase the endowment of the award and thus the award itself, the Environmental Studies Section and the Managing Board of the ISA are soliciting contributions to the Sprout Award Fund. The amount of the award has not increased during the 18 years of its life. Thus, an effort is being made to put its finances on a stronger and more sustainable foot- ing.

Please send your contributions to: ISA/216 Herald R. Clark Build- ing/Brigham Young University/Provo, UT 84602/USA. Checks should be made out to: ISA-Sprout Award Fund. All contributions are tax deductible.

Questions or nominations for consideration for the 1992 award (publication date 1990-91) may be directed to Leonard Hirsch, Chair/Sprout Award Committee/705-Q-3123 Smithsonian Institu- tions/Washington, DC 20560/USA; Tel. (202) 357-4788, fax (202) 786-2557, BITNET: INCEM005@SIVM. Other members of the committee are Dennis Pirages (University of Maryland) and Tom Princen (Syracuse University).

PANEL TOPICS FOR THE 1991 ISA CONVENTION

Next year’s ISA convention will be held in Atlanta, March 31- April 4, 1992. The following list of prospective topics for panels was drawn up, although other proposals will be considered for ESS-sponsored panels.

– Role of NGOs in international environmental cooperation and security
– Environmental consequences of war and military activities
– International environmental law
– Environmental security
– National implementation of international environmental agree- ments
– United Nations Conference on Environment and Development
– The environment in Eastern Europe and the USSR
– Democratization and local and national environmental protec- tion
– Determinants of successful environmental regimes

Those interested in proposing a paper and/or organizing a panel on any of these or others topics should contact Barbara Jancar-Webster at her summer address Donovan Farm, Chestertown, NY 12817; phone and fax (call before faxing so machine can be turned on) 518-494-4442. Proposals should be received by August 25, 1991.

NEWS ON THE HUMAN DIMENSIONS OF GLOBAL CHANGE

HDGECP Secretariat Established

The International Social Science Council has established a permanent secretariat for the Human Dimensions of Global Environ- mental Change Programme. Its address is HDGEC Programme Secretariat, c/ Pomaret No. 1, 08017 Barcelona, Spain; phone (34- 3) 417-9340; fax (34-3) 417-9309. Manuel Ludevid is serving as Executive Director; Alicia Segui is the Executive Secretary.

HDGECP Occasional Papers

The HDGEC Programme has begun a series of occasional papers which can be requested for the HDGECP Secretariat. The first two are:

#1 Report of the International Social Science Council Scientific Symposium on the Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change. Palma de Mallorca, Spain, 26-27 November 1990, Martin F. Price, Rapporteur.

#2 HDGEC: Work Program 1991-92

Charter of the ISA HDGEC Committee
The ISA Governing Council has approved a charter for the Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change Committee, which is now a standing committee of ISA. The committee is charged with (a) coordinating participation of ISA in the ISSC HDGECP, (b) inform- ing ISA on activities of the HDGECP, (c) encouraging individual and organized research projects on global change by ISA members, and (d) facilitating graduate and undergraduate education on global change.

The chair of the Committee is to be appointed by the ISA Presi- dent from one or more nominations by the Chair of the Environmen- tal Studies Section. The ISA president is also responsible for appointing 6-9 additional members, including nominees for the various ISA study sections with an interest in global environmen- tal change. Other appointments may be made to further the work of the Committee and/or to achieve disciplinary and geographical balance. All terms are for two years, renewable once.

FUTURE CONFERENCES

The second annual Common Property Conference will be held September 26-29, 1991, hosted by the International Association for the Study of Common Property, University of Manitoba in Win- nipeg. For information contact Fikret Berkes, IASCP Program Com- mittee Chair, Brock University, St. Caterines, Ontario L2S 3A1, Canada, tel (416) 688-5550 (ext. 3291); Fax (416) 682-9020 or 688-2789.

A Conference on the topic Forging a New Economics: Public Conversation about Markets, Environment, Community, and Human Life will be held in Madison, Wisconsin, June 21-22. Speakers will include Herman Daly and John B. Cobb. For informa- tion contact Vern Visick: Pres House, 731 State St. Mall, Madison, WI 53703; tel 608-257-1039.

An International Conference on Economy and Environment in the 1990s will be held August 26-27, 1991, sponsored by Universite de Neuchatel. For information contact IRER, Pierre-a- Mazel 7, CH-2000 Neuchatel, Switzerland, Tel 038 21 13 40; Fax 038 25 18 32.

An International Symposium on Transport and Air Pollution will be held in Avignon, France, September 10-13, 1991, sponsored by the Commission of the European Communities, the European Con- ference of Ministers of Transport, and the French Departments of Research and Environment. For information contact R. Journard, INRETS, case 24, 69675 Bron cedex, France, Tel (33) 78 26 90 93; Fax (33) 72 37 68 37.

An International Conference on Cities and Global Change is being held in Toronto, June 12-14, 1991, to celebrate the third anniversary of the Changing Atmosphere Conference. The proceed- ings of the conference will be published. The conference direc- tor is James A. W. McCulloch, Climate Institute, 316 Pennsylvania Avenue, S.E. (402); Washington, DC 20003; tel 202-547-0104; fax 202-547-0111.

Sigma Xi in conjunction with the Consortium of Social Science Associations (COSSA) is sponsoring a forum entitled Global Change and the Human Prospect: Issues In Population, Science, Technology, and Equity in Washington, DC, November 16-18. For further information, contact the forum coordinator Nancy Berry (919-549-4691).

CENTERS AND PROGRAMS

The American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the Peace and Con- flict Studies Program of the University of Toronto are co- sponsoring a project on Environmental Change and Acute Con- flict. It is to be a two-year effort that will involve environmental and security specialists from North America and more than a half-dozen developing countries. The focus will be the potential for severe conflict arising from (1) growing com- petition for water resources in the Middle East and Africa, (2) large population movements within countries and across national borders in the Indian sub-continent and Central America, and (3) environmentally-caused economic decline in the Philippines and Indonesia. Jeffrey Boutwell is US Project Co-Director; ESS- member Tad Homer-Dixon is the Canadian Project Co-Director. For information, contact the AAAS, Norton’s Woods, 136 Irving Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138; tel 607- 492-8800; fax 617-576- 5050.

The Center for World Environment and Sustainable Develop- ment has been created to facilitate communication and col- laborative research between faculty with environmental interests at the three Research Triangle Universities: North Carolina State University, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and Duke University. Initially three problems will receive emphasis: (1) tropical conservation and development, (2) global climate change, and (3) environmental degradation in industrializing countries, especially Eastern Europe. The direc- tor is Dr. Pedro Sanchez, Campus Box 7619, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695-7619; tel 919-737-5300; fax 919- 737-7422.

The University of Michigan has a Project for the Integrated Study of Global Change (PGC), which was established in the spring of 1989. The project seeks promote innovative study in the field by linking existing capabilities within the University and with private, public, and nonprofit organizations. The project involves (1) an interdisciplinary research seminar that explores global change issues, (2) a network among interesting faculty, (3) a curriculum development, and (4) pilot inter- disciplinary research projects. The project manager is E. Wayne Say, Institute of Science and Technology, School of Natural Resources, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2099; tel 313-764-2109; fax 313-764-5137.

The Nansen Institute (vei 17, P.O. Box 326 N-1324, Lysaker, Norway) is engaged in selected areas of international politics related to natural resources and the environment. The Institute has prepared a booklet on describing its research on the general topic of “International Cooperation on the Environ- ment, Development and Global Climate Change” along with a list of its publications. Specific projects have been undertaken on (a) international resource management and global climate change (b) energy, environment, and development, (c) climate and environmen- tal aspects in the polar regions, (d) environmental aspects of ocean mining activities, and (e) environmental issues in the Soviet Union.

The Japanese government created a Center for Global Environ- mental Research (CGAR) at the Tsukuba campus of the National Institute for Environmental Affairs. The Center will promote research on global environmental change and related socioeconomic matters. It seeks to foster interchange of researchers, conduct research-integration studies, to provide research support such as data bases and access to supercomputing, and to make available its own long-term monitoring data on the global environment. The address is: 16-2, Onogawa, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305, Japan; phone 0298-51-6111, fax 0298-58-2645.

REPORTS

A substantial report on the Global Change and Finland con- ference mentioned in the January 1991 Newsletter is available from the Finnish Institute for International Affairs, Pur- simiehenkatu 8SF-00150 Helsinki, Finland.

Resources for the Future has recently published two dis- cussion papers on the greenhouse gas issue:

–Peter M. Morrisette et al, “Lessons from Other International Agreements for a Global CO2 Accord” ENR91-2, October 1990, $5.00.

–Peter M. Morrisette and Andrew J. Plantinga, “How the CO2 Issue is Viewed in Different Countries,” ERN91-3, December 1990, $5.00.

Address orders to Publications, Resources for the Future, 1616 P Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20036.

PERIODICALS

Global Environmental Change: Human and Policy Dimensions is a new journal being published by Butterworth-Heinemann in coopera- tion with the United Nations University. For subscription information and a sample copy, in North America contact Journals Fulfillment Department, Butterworth-Heinemann, 80 Montvale Avenue, Stoneham, MA 02180; in the UK and Europe write to Jane Skinner, Butterworth-Heinemann, Westbury House, Bury Street, Guildford, Surrey GU2 5BH, UK.

Earth Ethics is a quarterly publication of the Green Fire Founda- tion. For subscription information and a sample copy, write to the Foundation at 4006 Chestnut Place, Alexandria, VA 22311.

EarthQuest is a quarterly publication of the Office for Inter- disciplinary Earth Studies of the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (PO. Box 3000, Boulder, CO 80307-3000). It contains information on meetings and projects related to the U.S. Global Research Program and the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme.

Climate Alert is a publication (10 annually) of the Climate Institute, Suite 402, 316 Pennsylvania Avenue, SE, Washington, DC 20003. It summarizes reports on climate change and its potential consequences and policies throughout the world that address the problem. It is sent to members of the Institute ($95).

ECODECISION is a quarterly journal published by the Environment and Policy Society of the Royal Society of Canada. It aims to encourage the incorporation of environmental criteria into economic development and political policies, and by doing so to encourage sound, environmentally sustainable development. It contains a mixture of articles in French and English, with sum- maries in the other language. Subscription information is avail- able from ECODECISION, 276, rue Saint-Jacques Ouest, Bureau 924, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H2Y 1N3; tel 514-284-3043; fax 514-284- 3045.

SPECIAL ISSUES OF JOURNALS

Millennium: the Journal of International Affairs published a spe- cial issue on “Global Environmental Change and International Relations” (Winter 1990, Vol. 19, No. 1).

All ISA members should have received the special issue of Inter- national Studies Notes (Vol. 16, No. 1, Winter 1991) on “The Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change.”

MISCELLANEOUS

The Chronicle of Higher Education (April 3, 1991) ran a informa- tive article on the HDGECP and some of research projects being undertaken by social scientists in the United States on topics related to global change. It also highlights some of the reasons that social science has not been as prompt as the natural sciences to respond to emergent environmental problems. A copy can be obtained from the newsletter editor, but please include a stamped, self-addressed envelope.

The Center for Environmental Information, Inc. is working under a subcontract with the Center for Global Environmental Studies at Oak Ridge National Laboratory to prepare a directory of global change centers in the United States. The Center would like any such global change center to complete a questionnaire. Copies can be obtained from Carole Beale, Center for Environmen- tal Information, 46 Prince Street, Rochester, NY 14607-1016.

A possible text for international environmental politics courses is John McCormick’s Reclaiming Paradise: The Global Environmental Movement, which was originally published by the University of Indiana Press in 1989, but is now available in a modestly priced paperback. It is a very readable book that offers a sweeping historical perspective on the evolution of the environment as a global issue and national and international efforts to address it.

RECENT PUBLICATIONS

W.M. Adams. Green Development: Sustainability in the Third World. Routledge, 1990, 272pp., $47.50.

Edward Barbier, Joanne Burgess, Timothy Swanson and David Pearce. Elephants, Ivory and Economics. London: Earthscan Publications, 1990, 154pp., $19.95.

Jean-Philippe Barde and Kenneth Button, eds. Transport Policy and the Environment: Six Case Studies. London: Earthscan Publica- tions, 1991, 211pp., $22.95.

Jean-Philippe Barde and David Pearce, eds. Valuing the Environ- ment: Six Case Studies. London: Earth Scan Publications, 1991, 224pp., $22.95.

Brendan F.D. Barrett and Riki Therivel. Environmental Policy and Impact Assessment in Japan. Routledge, 1991, 256pp, $107.00.

Asit K. Biswas, T.N. Khoshoo and Ashok Khosla, ed. Environmental Modelling for Developing Countries. London and New York: Tycooly Publishing, 1990, $45.00.

Lynton Keith Caldwell. Between Two Worlds: Science, the Environ- mental Movement, and Policy Choice. Cambridge University Press, 1990, 224pp, $45.00.

Lynton Keith Caldwell. International Environmental Policy, Second Edition. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1990, 477pp., $55.00.

Mark Nathan Cohen. Health and the Rise of Civilization. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1989, 285pp., $29.95.

R. Fantechi and A. Ghazi, eds. Carbon Dioxide and Other Green- house Gases. Dordrecht, the Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1989, 279pp., $94.00

John Firor. The Changing Atmosphere: A Global Challenge. Yale University Press, 1990, 160pp., $19.95.

Jack Fishman and Robert Kalish. Global Alert: The Ozone Pollu- tion Crisis. Plenum, 1990, 311pp., $24.50.

Cary Fowler and Pat Mooney. Shattering: Food, Politics, and the Loss of Genetic Diversity. University of Arizona Press, 1990, 295pp, $24.95/$12.95.

Michael Grubb. Energy Policies and the Greenhouse Effect, Volume I: Policy Appraisal. Brookfield, VT: Dartmouth Publishing Com- pany, 1990, 294pp., $52.95.

Michael Grubb, ed. Energy Policies and the Greenhouse Effect, Volume II: Country Studies & Technical Options. Brookfield, VT: Dartmouth Publishing Company, 1991, 250pp, $52.95.

Joyeeta Gupta. Toxic Terrorism: Dumping Hazardous Wastes. London: Earthscan Publications, 1990, 160pp., $12.95.

Stanley P. Johnson and Guy Corcelle. The Environmental Policy of the European Communities. Lancaster, England: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1989, 349pp., $90.00.

Calestous Juma. The Gene Hunters: Biotechnology and the Scramble for Seeds. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1989, 298pp., $39.50/$14.95.

Grigori Medvedev. The Truth About Chernobyl. Basic Books, 1991. $22.95.

Zhores Medvedev. The Legacy of Chernobyl. Norton Publishers, 1990, 352pp., $24.95.

National Research Council. Ozone Depletion, Greenhouse Gases, and Climate Change. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1989, 136pp., $20.00.

OECD. The State of the Environment, 3rd Ed. Washington, DC, 1991, 297pp., $38.00.

Elinor Ostrom. Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institu- tions for Collective Action. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991, 280pp., $14.95.

Chris C. Park. Chernobyl, the Long Shadow. New York: Routledge, Chapman & Hall, 1989, 207pp, $39.95.

David Pearce, ed. Blueprint 2: Greening the World Economy. London: Earthscan Publications, 1990, 224pp., $16.95.

David Pearce, Edward Barbier and Anil Markandya. Sustainable Development: Economics and Environment in the Third World. London: Earthscan Publications, 1990, 228pp., $19.95.

Winin Pereira and Jeremy Seabrook. Asking the Earth: Farms, Forestry and Survival in India. London: Earthscan Publications, 1991, 224pp., $17.95.

John C. Pierce. Public Knowledge and Environmental Politics in Japan and the U.S., 1989, 229pp. $25.00.

Mark Poffenberger. Keepers of the Forest: Land Management Alternatives in Southeast Asia. West Hartford, CT: Kumarian Press, 1990, 289pp., $24.95.

Judith Rees. Natural Resources: Allocation, Economics and Policy. Routledge, 1990, 528pp., $77.00/25.00.

Thomas J. Schoenbaum and Ronald H. Rosenberg. Environmental Policy Law: Problems, Cases and Readings, 2nd Edition. Westbury, NY: Foundation Press, 1990, 1100pp.

Gunther Schramm and Jeremy J. Warford, eds. Environmental Manage- ment and Economic Development. Baltimore and London: Johns Hop- kins University Press, 1989,, 208pp., $24.95/$10.95.

Lloyd Timberlake and Laura Thomas. When the Bough Breaks…Our Children, Our Environment. London: Earthscan Publications, 1990, 262pp., $12.95.

Ola Tunander. Cold War Politics: The Maritime Strategy and Geopolitics of the Northern Front. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications, 1989, 198pp., $45.00.

UN Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. United Nations. Population and Human Rights: Proceedings of the Expert Group Meetings on Population and Human Rights, Geneva, April 3-6, 1989. 1990, 230pp.

Arthur H. Westing, ed. Environmental Hazards of War: Releasing Dangerous Forces in an Industrialized World. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications, 1990, 128pp., $39.95.

Richard Wyman. Global Climate Change and Life on Earth. New York: Chapman and Hall, 1991, 288pp., $55.00/$24.95