Balboa, C. M. (2018). The paradox of scale: How NGOs build, maintain, and lose authority in environmental governance. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Why do nongovernmental organizations face difficulty creating lasting change? How can they be more effective? In this book, Cristina Balboa examines NGO authority, capacity, and accountability to propose that a â€œparadox of scaleâ€ is a primary barrier to NGO effectiveness. This paradoxâ€”when what gives an NGO authority on one scale also weakens its authority on another scaleâ€”helps explain how NGOs can be seen as an authority on particular causes on a global scale, but then fail to effect change at the local level. Drawing on case studies of transnational conservation organizations in Southeast Asia and the Pacific,Â The Paradox of ScaleÂ explores how NGOs build, maintain, and lose authority over time.